Peer-Reviewed Articles


Rasmusson L, Lauritano C, Procaccini G, Gullström M, Buapet P, Björk M. 2017. Respiratory oxygen consumption in the seagrass Zostera marina varies on a diel basis and is partly affected by light. Marine Biology 164: 140. doi:10.1007/s00227-017-3168-z

Hammar L, Gullström M, Dahlgren T G, Asplund M E, Goncalvese I B, Molander S. 2017. Introducing ocean energy industries to a busy marine environment. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 74, Pages 178–185

Procaccini G, Ruocco M, Marín-Guirao L, Dattolo E, Brunet C, D’Esposito D, Lauritano C, Mazzuca S, Serra I A, Bernardo L, Piro A, Beer S, Björk M, Gullström M, Buapet P, Rasmusson L M, Felisberto P, Gobert S, Runcie J W, Silva J, Olivé I, Costa M M, Barrote I, Santos R. 2017. Depth-specific fluctuations of gene expression and protein abundance modulate the photophysiology in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Scientific Reports 7. doi:10.1038/srep42890


Dahl M, Deyanova D, Gütschow S, Asplund ME, Lyimo LD, Karamfilov V, Santos R, Björk M, Gullström M. 2016. Sediment Properties as Important Predictors of Carbon Storage in Zostera marina Meadows: A Comparison of Four European Areas. PLoS ONE 11(12): e0167493.

Staveley T, Perry D, Lindborg R, Gullström M. 2016. Seascape structure and complexity influence temperate seagrass fish assemblage composition. Ecography. DOI:10.1111/ecog.02745

Buapet P, Björk M. 2016. The role of O2 as an electron acceptor alternative to CO2 in photosynthesis of the common marine angiosperm Zostera marina L. Photosynthesis Research 129 (1). DOI: 10.1007/s11120-016-0268-4.

Dahl M, Deyanova D, Lyimo LD, Näslund J, Samuelsson G, Mtolera MSP, Björk M, Gullström M. 2016. Effects of shading and simulated grazing on carbon sequestration in a tropical seagrass meadow. Journal of Ecology. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12564

Hammar L, Perry D, Gullström M. 2016. Offshore Wind Power for Marine Conservation. Open Journal of Marine Science 6 (01), 66-78.


Wallner-Hahn S, de la Torre-Castro M, Eklöf JS, Gullström M, Muthiga, NA, Uku J. 2015. Cascade effects and sea urchin overgrazing: An analysis of drivers behind the exploitation of sea urchin predators for management improvement. Ocean and Coastal Management 107: 16-27.

Hammar L, Eggertsen L, Andersson S, Ehnberg J, Arvidsson R, Gullström M, Molander S. 2015. A Probabilistic Model for Hydrokinetic Turbine Collision Risks: Exploring Impacts on Fish. PLoS ONE 10(3).

Felisberto P, Jesus SM, Zabel F, Santos R, Silva J, Gobert S, Beer S, Björk M, Mazzuca S, Procaccini G, Runcie JW, Champenois W, Borges AV. Acoustic monitoring of O2 production of a seagrass meadow. 2015. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 464:75 – 87.


Rasmusson L, Björk M. 2014. Determining light suppression of mitochondrial respiration for three temperate marine macrophytes using the Kok method. Botanica Marina 57(6):483-486.

Alonso Aller E, Gullström M,  Eveleens Maarse FKJ, Gren M, Mtwana Nordlund L, Jiddawi N, Eklöf JS. 2014. Single and joint effects of regional‐ and local‐scale variables on tropical seagrass fish assemblages. Marine Biology 161 (10).

Snickers M, Gullström M, Sundblad G, Bergström U, Downie, A-L, Lindegarth M, Mattila J. 2014. Species-environment relationships and potential for distribution modelling in coastal waters. Journal of Sea Research 85:116-125.

Mangora, Mwita M., Mtolera, Matern S. P., and Björk, Mats. 2014. Photosynthetic responses to submergence in mangrove seedlings. Marine and Freshwater Research , 65, 497–504.

Nordlund LM, de la Torre-Castro M, Erlandsson J, Conand C, Muthiga N, Jiddawi N, Gullström M (2014) Intertidal management in the Western Indian Ocean: current status and future possibilities. Ambio 43: 1006–1019.

Knudby A, Acevedo ZG, Chow P, Hammar L, Eggertsen L, Gullström M (2014) Multi-image ensemble classification. Proceedings of the IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Quebec City, Canada, p. 3192-3193.

Lindegarth M, Bergström U, Mattila J, Olenin S, Ollikainen M, Downie A-L, Kläppe Sundblad G, Bucas M, Gullström M, Snickars M, von Numers M, Svensson JR, Kosenius A-K (2014) PREHAB: testing the potential for predictive modelling and mapping and extending its use as a tool for evaluating management scenarios and economic valuation in the Baltic Sea. Ambio 43: 82-93.


Buapet P,  Rasmusson L, Gullström M, Björk M. 2013. Photorespiration and Carbon Limitation Determine Productivity in Temperate Seagrasses. Seagrasses.

Mtwana Nordlund L, Gullström M. 2013. Biodiversity loss in seagrass meadows due to local invertebrate fisheries and harbour activities. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 135 231–240.

Buapet P, Gullström M, Björk M. 2013. Photosynthetic activity of seagrasses and macroalgae in temperate shallow waters can alter seawater pH and total inorganic carbon content at the scale of a coastal embayment. Marine and Freshwater Research 64 (11): 1040-1048.

Berkström C, Lindborg R, Thyresson M, Gullström M. 2013. Assessing connectivity in a tropical embayment: Fish migrations and seascape ecology. Biological Conservation 166:43-53.

Bučas M, Bergström U, Downie A.-L., Sundblad G., Gullström M, von Numers M, Šiaulys A, Lindegarth M (2013) Empirical modelling of benthic species distribution, abundance and diversity in the Baltic Sea: evaluating the scope for predictive mapping using different modelling approaches. ICES Journal of Marine Science 70: 1233-1243

Hammar L, Andersson S, Eggertsen L, Haglund J, Gullström M, Ehnberg J, Molander S (2013) Hydrokinetic turbine effects on fish swimming behavior. PLoS ONE 8: e84141

Mazzuca S, Björk M, Beer S, Felisberto P, Gobert S, Procaccini G, Runcie J, Silva J, Borges AV, Brunet C, Buapet P, Champenois W, Costa MM, D’Esposito D, Gullström M, Lejeune P, Lepoint G, Olivé I, Rasmusson LM, Richir J, Ruocco M, Serra IA, Spadafora A and Santos R 2013. Establishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism, and ecosystem carbon fluxes. Front. Plant Sci. 4:38. doi:10.3389/fpls.2013.00038

Henriksson O, Mwandya AW, Gullström M, Thorberg M, Grahn M (2013) Genetic identification and population structure of juvenile mullet (Mugilidae) collected for aquaculture in East Africa. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 11: 41-54


Gullström, M, Baden, S, & Lindegarth, M. 2012. Spatial patterns and environmental correlates in leaf-associated epifaunal assemblages of temperate seagrass ( Zostera marina) meadows. Marine Biology 159 (2): 413-425.

Procaccini G, Beer S, Björk M, Olsen J, Mazzuca S, Santos R. 2012. Seagrass ecophysiology meets ecological genomics: are we ready? Marine Ecology. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2012.00518.x

Mvungi EF, Lyimo TJ, Björk M. 2012. When Zostera marina is intermixed with Ulva, its photosynthesis is reduced by increased pH and lower light, but not by changes in light quality. Aquatic Botany, 102:44-49

Alexandre, A., Silva, J., Buapet, P., Björk, M. and Santos, R. 2012, Effects of CO2 enrichment on photosynthesis, growth, and nitrogen metabolism of the seagrass Zostera noltii . Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.333

Wahedally SF, Mamboya FA, Lyimo TJ, Bhikajee M, Björk M. 2012. Short-term effects of three herbicides on the maximum quantum yield and electron transport rate of tropical seagrass Thalassodendron ciliatum. Tanzania Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (TaJONAS) Volume 3, Issue 1, 458-466.

Berkström C, Gullström M, Lindborg R, Mwandya AW, Yahya SAS, Kautsky N, Nyström M (2012) Exploring ‘knowns’ and ‘unknowns’ in tropical seascape connectivity: a review with insights from East African coral reefs. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 107: 1-21


Gullström, M, Berkström, C, Öhman, M, Bodin, M, & Dahlberg, M. 2011. Scale-dependent patterns of variability of a grazing parrotfish ( Leptoscarus vaigiensis) in a tropical seagrass-dominated seascape. Marine Biology, 158, 7, pp. 1483-1495

Hammar L, Gullström M (2011) Applying ecological risk assessment methodology for outlining ecosystem effects of ocean energy technologies. Proceedings of the 9th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, Southampton, United Kingdom, 8 pp

Elizabeth Mcleod, Gail L Chmura, Steven Bouillon, Rodney Salm, Mats Björk, Carlos M Duarte, Catherine E Lovelock, William H Schlesinger, and Brian R Silliman. 2011. A blueprint for blue carbon: toward an improved understanding of the role of vegetated coastal habitats in sequestering CO2. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (e-View) doi:10.1890/110004

Yahya SAS, Gullström M, Öhman MC, Jiddawi NS, Andersson MH, Mgaya YD, Lindahl U (2011) Coral bleaching and habitat effects on colonisation of reef fish assemblages: an experimental study. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 94: 16-23


Mwandya AW, Gullström M, Andersson MH, Öhman MC, Mgaya YD, Bryceson I (2010) Spatial and seasonal variations in fish assemblages of mangrove creek systems in Zanzibar (Tanzania). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 89: 277-286

Mwandya AW, Mgaya YD, Öhman MC, Bryceson I, Gullström M (2010) Distribution patterns of the striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) in mangrove creeks of Zanzibar, Tanzania. African Journal of Marine Science 32: 85-93


Semesi IS, Kangwe J, Björk M. 2009. Alterations in Seawater pH and CO2 Affect Calcification and Photosynthesis in the Tropical Coralline Alga, Hydrolithon sp. (Rhodophyta). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84:337-341.

Semesi IS, Beer S, Björk M. 2009. Seagrass photosynthesis controls rates of calcification and photosynthesis of calcareous macroalgae in a tropical seagrass meadow. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 382: 41–47.

Mamboya FA, Lyimo TJ, Landberg T, and Björk, M. 2009. Influence of combined changes in salinity and copper modulation on growth and copper uptake in the tropical green macroalga Ulva reticulata. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84:326–330.

Hammar L, Ehnberg J, Gullström M, Molander S (2009) Ocean energy in combination with land-based renewable energy sources: appropriate technology for smaller electricity grids in Africa? Proceedings of the 8th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, p. 1112-1117

Nyqvist A, André C, Gullström M, Baden SP, Åberg P (2009) Dynamics of seagrass meadows on the Swedish Skagerrak coast. Ambio 38: 85-88

Mwandya AW, Gullström M, Öhman MC, Andersson MH, Mgaya YD (2009) Fish assemblages in Tanzanian mangrove creek systems influenced by solar salt farm constructions. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 82: 193-200


Gullström M, Bodin M, Nilsson PG, Öhman MC (2008) Seagrass structural complexity and landscape configuration as determinants of tropical fish assemblage composition. Marine Ecology Progress Series 363: 241-255

Moksnes, P, Gullström, M, Tryman, K, & Baden, S 2008, ‘Trophic cascades in a temperate seagrass community’,Oikos, 117, 5, pp. 763-777

Eklöf JS, Gullström M, Björk M, Asplund ME, Hammar L, Dahlgren A and Öhman MC. 2008.   The importance of grazing intensity and frequency for physiological responses of the tropical seagrass Thalassia hemprichii. Aquatic Botany 89:337–340.

Eklöf JS, de la Torre-Castro M, Gullström M, Uku J, Muthiga N, Lyimo T, Bandeira SO (2008) Sea urchin overgrazing of seagrasses: a review of current knowledge on causes, consequences and management. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 79: 569-580

de la Torre-Castro M, Eklöf JS, Rönnbäck P, Björk M. 2008. Seagrass importance in food provisioning services: Fish stomach content as a link between seagrass meadows and local fisheries. Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. 7: 95–110.


Carr H, Björk M. 2007. Parallel changes in non-photochemical quenching properties, photosynthesis and D1 levels at sudden, prolonged irradiance exposures in Ulva fasciata Delile. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 87:18–26.

Uku J, Björk M, Bergman B. & Díez, B. 2007. Characterization and comparison of prokaryotic epiphytes associated with three East African seagrasses. J. Phycol. 43: 768–779.

Mamboya FA, Semesi A, Mtolera M, Pratap M, Björk, M. 2007. Accumulation and physiological effects of copper and zinc on the brown macroalga Padina boergesenii. Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. 6: 17–28.

Anderson MH, Gullström M, Asplund ME, Öhman MC (2007) Importance of using multiple sampling methodologies for estimating of fish community composition in offshore wind power construction areas of the Baltic Sea. Ambio 36: 634-636


Beer S, Mtolera M, Lyimo T and Björk M. 2006. The photosynthetic performance of the tropical seagrass Halophila ovalis in the upper intertidal. Aquatic Botany 84: 367-371.

Redeby T, Carr H, Björk M and Emmer Å. 2006. A screening procedure for the solubilization of chloroplast membrane proteins from the marine green macroalga Ulva lactuca using RP–HPLC–MALDI-MS. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 39:29-36.

Gullström M, Lundén M, Bodin M, Kangwe J, Öhman M C, Mtolera M, Björk M. 2006. Assessment of vegetation changes in the seagrass-dominated tropical Chwaka Bay (Zanzibar) using satellite remote sensing. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 67:399-408.

Lyimo TJ, Mvungi EF, Lugomela C, and Björk M. 2006. Seagrass Biomass and Productivity in seaweed and non-seaweed farming areas in the East Coast of Zanzibar. Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 141–152.

Beer S, Axelsson L. and Björk M. 2006. Modes of photosynthetic bicarbonate utilisation in seagrasses, and their possible roles in adaptations to specific habitats. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 13: 3-7.


Lugomela C, Söderbäck E, and Björk M. 2005. Photosynthesis rates in cyanobacteria dominated sub-tidal biofilms near Zanzibar, Tanzania. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 63, 439–446.

Uku J, Björk M. 2005. Productivity aspects of three tropical seagrass species in areas of different nutrient levels in Kenya. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 63, 407–420.

Uku J, Beer S. & Björk M. 2005. Buffer sensitivity of photosynthetic carbon utilization in eight tropical seagrasses. Mar. Biol. 147: 1085–1090.


Björk M, Axelsson L, Beer S. 2004. Why is Ulva intestinalis the only macroalga inhabiting isolated rockpools along the Swedish Atlantic coast? MEPS 284:109-116.


Carr H and Björk M. 2003. A methodological comparison of photosynthetic oxygen evolution and estimated electron transport rate in tropical Ulva (Chlorophyceae) species under different light and inorganic carbon conditions. J. Phycol. 39, 1125–1131.

Lundén B, Gullström M (2003) Satellite remote sensing for monitoring of vanishing seagrass in Swedish coastal waters. Norwegian Journal of Geography 57: 121-124

Baden SP, Gullström M, Lundén B, Pihl L, Rosenberg R (2003) Vanishing seagrass (Zostera marina, L.) in Swedish coastal waters. Ambio 32: 374-377


Beer S, Björk M, Hellblom F and Axelsson L. 2002. Inorganic Carbon Utilisation in Marine Angiosperms (Seagrasses). Funct. Plant Biol. 29: 349-354.

Gullström M, de la Torre Castro, M, Bandeira S, Björk M, Dahlberg M, Kautsky N, Rönnbäck P, Öhman C.M. 2002. Seagrass Ecosystems in the Western Indian Ocean. AMBIO 31(7–8):588–596.


Hellblom F, Beer S, Björk M, Axelsson L. 2001. A buffer sensitive inorganic carbon utilisation system in Zostera marina Aquatic Botany 69: 55–62.

Bandeira SO, Björk M. 2001. Seagrass research in the eastern Africa region: emphasis on diversity, ecology and ecophysiology. South African Journal Of Botany; 67; 420-425.

Uku J, Björk M. 2001. The distribution of epiphytic algae on three Kenyan seagrass species. South African Journal Of Botany; 67; 475-482.


Beer S, and Björk M. 2000. Measuring rates of photosynthesis of two tropical seagrasses by pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry: Aquatic Botany 66: 69-76.

Schwarz A-M, Bjork M, Buluda T, Mtolera M, Beer S. 2000. Photosynthetic utilisation of carbon and light by two tropical seagrass species as measured in situ. Marine Biology 137(5/6): 755-762.


Björk M, Uku J, Weil A, Beer S. 1999. Photosynthetic tolerances to desiccation of tropical intertidal seagrasses. MEPS. 191: 121-126.

Hellblom F, and Björk M. 1999. Photosynthetic responses in Zostera marina to decreasing salinity, inorganic carbon content and osmolality: Aquatic Botany 65: 97-104.


Engdahl S, Mamboya F, Mtolera M, Semesi A.K, Björk M. 1998. The brown macroalga Padina boergesenii as an indicator of heavy metal contamination in the Zanzibar channel. AMBIO 27(8):694-700.


Björk M, Weil A, Semesi S, and Beer S. 1997. Photosynthetic utilisation of inorganic carbon by seagrasses from Zanzibar, East Africa. Mar. Biol. 129:363-366.


Björk M, Mohammed S M, Björklund M, Semesi A. 1995. Coralline algae, important coral reef builders threatened by pollution. AMBIO, XXIV:(7-8), 501-505.


Beer S, & Björk M. 1994. Photosynthetic properties of protoplasts, as compared with thalli, of Ulva fasciata (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology, 30, 633-637.


Björk M, Haglund K, Ramazanov Z, and Pedersén M. 1993. Inducible mechanisms for HCO3 utilization, and repression of photorespiration, in protoplasts and thalli of three species of Ulva (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol. 29:166-173.

Gomez-Pinchetti J-L, Björk M, Pedersén M, and Garcia-Reina G. 1993. Factors affecting protoplast yield of the carrageenophyte Solieria filiformis (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Plant Cell Reports. 12:541-545.


Björk M, Gomez-Pinchetti J-L, Garcia-Reina, G, and Pedersén, M. 1992. Protoplast isolation from Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). British Phycological Journal. 27:401-407.

Björk M, Haglund K, Ramazanov Z, Garcia-Reina G, and Pedersén M. 1992. Inorganic carbon assimilation in the green seaweed Ulva rigida (Chlorophyta). Planta 187: 152-156.

Haglund K, Björk M, Ramazanov Z, Garcia-Reina G, and Pedersén M. 1992. Role of carbonic anhydrase in photosynthesis and inorganic carbon assimilation in the red alga Gracilaria tenuistipitata. Planta 187:275-281.


Björk M, Ekman P, Wallin A, and Pedersén M. 1990. Effects of growth rate and other factors on protoplast yield from four species of the red seaweed Gracilaria (Rhodophyta). Botanica Marina. 33:433-439.

Pedersén M. Björk M. Larsson C.   Söderlund S . 1990. Ett Marint ekosystem i obalans – Dramatiska förändringar av hårdbottnarnas växtsamhällen. (A marine ecosystem out of balance: Dramatic changes of rocky-shore plant communities) Flora och Fauna 85:202-211.